Always More to Learn

Stereo plug in a stereo jack - all contacts hit where they should
Stereo plug in a stereo jack - all contacts hit where they should

I love solving problems--it is just hard to find the time to work on the little ones. I have been wiring avionics for more than three decades, and I have wired audio panels in both stereo and mono more times than I can count. I've used just about every headset you can think of, and I have used stereo headsets in mono airplanes, and mono headsets in stereo ships. It usually works out, but sometimes, you just have this little problem that won't go away.

Such is an issue I have had on and off with the helmet I use for test flying. It's an HGU-55/P, but rewired with an Oregon Aero liner and headset kit to civilian standards. It is, essentially, a mono headset, with a fairly short cord. This short cord works in some airplanes, but not many--so I have an extension cable with both mic and phone jacks. And in some airplanes, this has worked - but in others, I have had significant issues on the hearing side of things. Since I don't use it that often, the problem has always gotten pushed to the bottom of the stack.

Mono plug in a stereo jack - the ground is shorted to one channel
Mono plug in a stereo jack - the ground is shorted to one channel.

But sitting here on a cold winter afternoon, I decided to see what I could figure out, so I trotted out the helmet and went to the hangar. One of our airplanes is old enough to be wired mono - the others all have stereo audio panels and wiring harnesses. I tried the helmet in all three, and sure enough - it was fine in the mono ship, but I couldn't reliably hear in the stereo planes. Pulling the shells off the stereo and mono jacks, and looking at where contacts were being made showed me why. The mono plug from the helmet was actually shorting the ground and one of the two channels together, while making contact with the hot lead of the remaining channel. The audio panels were NOT happy.

A piece of heat shrink around the plug restricts how far it can go into the jack
A piece of heat shrink around the plug restricts how far it can go into the jack...

The solution? Well... I found it on the internet, from some obscure post on a message board from long ago. When using a mono plug in a stereo system, you can push it only part way in, and it will work perfectly - which it does! Rather than depend on doing this in each airplane, regardless of jack location, I simply made the "partial connection" where the helmet plugs in to the extension cord - and limited it by using a piece of heat shrink cut to 1/4" and slipped over the plug.  It is secure in that position, but will still release if I had to quickly depart the aircraft - the reason for wearing a helmet in the first place.

...and the tip makes contact with one channel, the barrel with ground!

Live and learn - and solve the little puzzles as they come up!

Paul Dye

Paul Dye, Kitplanes® Editor in Chief, retired as a Lead Flight Director for NASA’s Human Space Flight program, with 40 years of aerospace experience on everything from Cubs to the space shuttle. An avid homebuilder, he began flying and working on airplanes as a teen, and has experience with a wide range of construction techniques and materials. He flies an RV-8 that he built, an RV-3 that he built with his pilot wife, as well as a Dream Tundra they completed. Currently, they are building a Xenos motorglider. A commercially licensed pilot, he has logged over 5000 hours in many different types of aircraft and is an A&P, EAA Tech Counselor, and Flight Advisor, as well as a member of the Homebuilder’s Council. He consults and collaborates in aerospace operations and flight-testing projects across the country.

4 Replies to “Always More to Learn”

  1. How about sharing how you acquired and put together the military o2 mask with your helmet you showed on a prior email?

  2. Alternativly you could replace the mono plug with a stereo and only wire the tip and ground. That way you can plug it into either system and it will work without shorting.

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